Bangalore, India, is widely recognized for its fast and reliable healthcare service, particularly when responding to life-threatening conditions like a heart attack. Together with the help of an experienced cardiologist and skilled medical team, it is no longer surprising to know that almost 18% of the total medical tourists arriving in India are looking for heart-related treatment options.
Given the rising need to accommodate the influx of medical tourists in the region, it is also invariably important to know the necessary treatment options that can be expected in the event that a heart attack may occur. Moreover, the best heart hospital in Bangalore can provide you with the needed explanation regarding the following treatment options. To help you know more about this, here are some of the best heart attack treatments.
Pharmacologic Treatment Options
Prior to making any surgical interventions, doctors would most often require their patients to take a combination of drugs that could help thin the blood, lower the blood pressure, and reduce the circulating fluid in the body. Such drugs are listed below:
Anticoagulant drugs are used to prevent further clotting and blockage of the artery. By preventing the cascade of internal clotting pathways, the blood can ultimately become less viscous, which in turn would greatly benefit those suffering from myocardial infarction.
This drug is used as a concomitant treatment of myocardial infarction by lowering Angiotensin II levels in the body. The impediment of the angiotensin II conversion results in a lowered blood pressure which is advantageous in maintaining a stable cardiac output for those patients who may have had a heart attack.
This drug class decreases the heart rate, making it more viable for the healing process of the surrounding myocardial tissue. Beta-blockers can also be used in the post-MI intervention to assist patients in recovering.
Diuretics are a batch of drugs that can help excrete excess fluid in the body. Depending on the type of diuretic used, the systemic effect may also vary. However, these types of drugs are primarily used to reduce the heart’s workload and lessen the buildup of fluid in the lungs.
These drugs are solely administered to help dilate the blood vessels and increase coronary artery blood supply. The increase in the tissue perfusion surrounding the infarcted area in the heart muscle is essential to the healing process.
If the pharmacological approach fails to provide the anticipated healing, a physician can simultaneously recommend and propose a combination of heart attack treatments. This may include the following:
- Angioplasty: In this procedure, a special thin tubing is inserted into the leg or arm and is inflated around the area where there is excessive plaque buildup. Most particularly, the areas adjacent to the coronary arteries are targeted and given with utmost importance. If you plan to have an angioplasty or balloon stenting done, you can visit the best heart hospital in Bangalore to have the best cardiac surgeons do the procedure.
- Angioplasty, Laser: Similar to angioplasty, a laser is used at the tip of the catheter. This surgical intervention is good for those who want to have minimal complications.
- Artificial heart valve surgery: This procedure replaces a faulty valve with a healthy one either from a porcine or bovine source.
- Atherectomy: This procedure has a similar pattern to that of angioplasty. However, a cut or incision is made on the plaque area to remove the blockage.
- Bypass surgery: An artificial route is created by procuring a vein from the leg or arm.
- Cardiomyoplasty: In this procedure, the patients’ skeletal muscles are taken away and are wrapped around the myocardium. This attempt is surmised to help the failing cardiac muscle sustain its pre-infarct condition.
- Heart transplant: Replaces a necrotized heart from a healthy source of a donor.
- Radiofrequency ablation: It utilizes electrodes’ power at the tip of the catheter to guide in destroying plaque formation.
- Stent procedure: A stent or wire is placed on the plaque artery to create more room for angioplasty.
- Transmyocardial revascularization (TMR): Utilizes the laser’s power to create a perforation into the heart’s pumping chamber.
Multiple approaches can be taken to help manage the occurrence of heart attacks. Initially, pharmacologic therapy can be administered before surgical intervention to help preserve the heart’s physiological condition’s integrity.